A photosynthetic engine for artificial cells

We have combined the best of the plant world with the best of the animal world, allowing us to tune and regulate the energy production of the cell. We are engineering these cells from the bottom up, starting with these individual proteins. https://www.seas.harvard.edu/news/2018/05/photosynthetic-engine-for-artificial-cells

The regulation of actin production. Red light facilitates ATP synthesis by generating protons inside the organelle, while green light impedes ATP synthesis by depleting protons. (Video courtesy of the Disease Biophysics Group/Harvard University)